The Volyn deposit is one of the most famous and well-studied deposits of precious stones in the w...
The Volyn deposit is one of the most famous and well-studied deposits of precious stones in the world. Unique crystals of morion, topaz, beryl have been mined there for almost a century.
The history of the discovery and study of the deposit dates back to the 19th century. In 1867 the Polish naturalist G. I. Ossovsky discovered the first pieces of smoky quartz and a piece of blue topaz across the border of the peasant fields. He mistakenly believed that these minerals were brought to Volyn by a glacier from Scandinavia. In 1911 L. L. Ivanov put forward the first theory about the existence of a field in the vicinity of Volodarsk-Volynsk. And only in the period of 1931-1933 geologists V.P. Amburger discovered topazes, beryls and quartz directly in the bedrock. From that moment the active exploitation of the Volynsk deposit began which lasts to this day.
Minerals of Volyn are found in special geological formations-pegmatites. According to statistics, only 30% of all found pegmatites add up to favorable physicochemical conditions for the formation of free growth cavities. Exactly in the cavities of free growth or, in common "zanorysh" perfect crystals are formed.
The main minerals mined in Volyn are: quartz in a variety of rock crystal, morion, citrine, smoky quartz; topaz in varieties of wine, blue and bi-color; beryl in the aquamarine variety, heliodor.The extracted quartz crystals sometimes reach huge sizes and have a zonal color from rock crystal or citrine in the center to a morion or smoky quartz on its borders. Topazes from Volyn are known to the whole world for their rich colors, two-colored; wine-blue stones are especially famous. Scientists have not solved yet the nature of the origin of such a coloration, which has almost no analogues in the world.
Beryls in the deposit are very rare. Only 1% of all open cavities in Volyn contained it, but there is not a single mineralogical museum that does not have our beryl in a cut or collection form at its exposition. Volyn`s beryls are interesting for their etching forms which make each crystal individual not similar to any other.
Our deposit is unique not only with precious stones, but also with its age of about 2 billion years. This makes it one of the most ancient gemstone deposits in the world.