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FAQ - frequently asked questions

The Volyn deposit is located in the southwestern part of the Korostensky plateau. The plateau area of ​​about 10,000 square km is located in the north of the Zhytomyr region (Ukraine). On the plan its configuration resembles an irregular trapezoid, with its base facing north.

The history of discovery and study of the deposit dates back to the 19th century. In 1867 the Polish naturalist G. I. Ossovsky uncovered the first pieces of smoky quartz and a piece of blue topaz across the border of the peasant fields. He mistakenly believed that these minerals were brought to Volyn by a glacier from Scandinavia. In 1911 L. L. Ivanov put forward the first theory about the existence of a deposit in the vicinity of Volodarsk-Volynsk. And only during the period of 1931-1933 geologist V.P. Amburger discovered topaz, beryl and quartz stones directly in the bedrock. From that moment the active exploitation of the Volynsk deposit began, which lasts to this day.

In granites near the village of Khoroshev, along their contact zone with the main rocks of the same-named solid mass, there are numerous pegmatites, which form 15 relatively isolated sections. The industrial pegmatite bodies of the Volynsk deposit are confined to a narrow strip 1-2 km wide, extending by 10 km from the south-east to north-west, from the Berezovka village to Vishnyakovka village (sections Paromovsky, Dvorishchansky and Vishnyakovsky). Here are dozens of pegmatites with cameras - cavities. The cavities contain morion, beryl, and topaz crystals with filling with fine-grained quartz and clay-mica solid mass.

At the Volyn deposit, which has no analogues in Europe, great blue, wine topazes, golden-green heliodors, painted with delicate blue aquamarines were found, unsurpassed in their purity.

Minerals of Volyn are found in special geological formations-pegmatites. According to the statistics, only 30% of all pegmatites found add up to favorable physicochemical conditions for the formation of free growth cavities. It is in the cavities of free growth or in the common “zanorysh” that perfect crystals are formed. Cavities or “zanorysh” contain crystals of morion, beryl, topaz with filling with fine-grained quartz and clay-mica solid mass. Crystals are often quite impressive - morions weighing more than 1000 kg, beryls - up to 16 kg, topazes - up to 117 kg. Other minerals found in pegmatites are zircon, ilmenite, pyrite, magnetite, rutile, fluorite, hematite, limonite, garnet, tourmaline, molybdenite, cassiterite, epidote, apatite, etc. Volyn cavities were discovered to a depth of 100 meters from the surface.

The age of the deposit is around 2 billion years, which is one of the most ancient deposits of precious stones in the world.

The main minerals mined in Volyn are:

  • Quartz varieties of rock-crystal, morion, citrine, smoky quartz
  • Topaz in varieties of wine, blue and two-color
  • Beryl in the aquamarine variety, heliodors

Topazes were first discovered on the desert island of Topazios (now Zeberget) in the Red Sea. Topaz is aluminum fluorosilicate, which is a very hard mineral (8.0 by the Mohs scale) inferior in this indicator only to diamonds and corundum.

It is difficult to cut, but the result is worth it - after cutting, the stone acquires a bright shine. It will not leave anyone indifferent. Topaz business card is a variety of colors and affordability. That is why it is so loved and appreciated.

The color spectrum of the topazes of the Volyn deposit is very diverse: light tea, pale blue, wine yellow, wine red, orange wine.

Polychrome topazes are very rare, in which the blue zones smoothly turn into wine-brown. The nature of such combination of colors has not yet been studied. Extraction of unique polychrome topaz is conducted only in the Volyn deposit of Ukraine.

The weight of topaz crystals mined in the field of Ukraine ranges from 1 to 50 kg. The largest crystal was mined in 1964, weight is 177 kg.

The word "quartz" has German roots, and translated as solid. By the Mohs scale, its hardness is 7.0. Its crystals can scratch glass, but they are inferior to corundum, topaz and diamonds.

Quartz is one of the most common minerals on earth. It forms the largest family of jewelry stones. In the Volyn deposit, quartz is represented by morion (smoky quartz) and rhinestone.

Quartz - oblong hexagons, resembling sharpened pencils. Often grow Druses. Small crystals of individual varieties of quartz can form massive brushes. Pure quartz is a silicon dioxide SiO2. In gemology, colorless and defect-free quartz crystals are called rhinestone and are considered an independent gemstone. Elements-impurities and microscopic inclusions of other minerals, mainly iron oxides, give it the most diverse colors. The color schemes of some quarts varieties are specific to their own nature.

A quartz crystal weighing more than 10 tons was mined at the Volyn deposit of Ukraine.

At the beginning of the XIX century, in the territory of modern Egypt, the French scientist Kohl discovered traces of ancient productions, called Cleopatra's mines. During the digging, beryl beads were found. Their age was estimated to be about 6 thousand years.

Beryl is an aluminosilicate of a rare light beryllium metal that forms prismatic crystals, often with longitudinal hatching. Characteristic signs specific to beryl are: high hardness of the mineral (7.5-8 by the Mohs scale, which is lower than the hardness of topaz, but high, and the emerald is softer than other types of beryl) and a very characteristic appearance of crystals.

The most popular among jewelers and jewelry lovers around the world are:

  • To a greater or lesser extent repeats the color of sea water or a backlit block of ice. The price is inferior to emerald due to the relatively high level of mineral production. Most often it has a uniform color of varying intensity, however, there are crystals with a core of contrasting golden hue and richly blue outer layers.
  • Light green beryl with a clear golden hue. Heliodor can be a completely transparent stone with a dull yellow tide. The price of gem-quality stones is based on the purity of the mineral. Its mineral deposits are more rare than those of the common types of beryl.
  • Goshenite, or colorless beryl, attracts the attention with the restrained brilliance of a transparent stone. However, jewelry sets decorated with goshenite have considerable demand: unlike diamond, colorless beryl does not scatter multicolored highlights around it. Goshenite jewelery is strict and looks solemn.

Single crystals are able to reach several tens of kilograms of mass. Often there are druses of crystals. The largest beryl mined in the Volyn deposit is 66.5 kg, the crystal height is 130 cm.

The company has been involved in mining of precious and semi-precious stones at the Volyn field since 1931 and has the exclusive right to this type of work. Volyn chamber pegmatites have been developed to a depth of 100 meters from the surface. Nowadays, over 1000 pegmatite bodies have been discovered and over 100 types of minerals have been examined.

The main minerals mined in the Volyn deposit are Quartz (rhinestone, morion, citrine, smoky quartz), topaz (wine, blue and two-color) and beryl (aquamarine, heliodor). Quartz crystals sometimes reach enormous sizes and have a zonal coloring from rhinestone or citrine in the center of the crystal to a morion or smoky quartz on its periphery.

Topazes from Volyn are known to the whole world for their rich colors; bicolored and wine-blue stones are especially famous. Scientists are yet to uncover the origin of such a coloring that has almost no analogues in the world. Beryls are encountered extremely rare in the deposit. Only 1% of all open pegmatites in Volyn contained it, but there is no mineralogical museum that does not have our beryl, in cut or collection form, in its exposition. Volyn beryls are interesting for their forms of etching that make each crystal individual, not similar to one another.

The cutting factory is equipped with modern equipment necessary for all stages of gemstone processing:

  • cutting
  • faceting (manual or automatic) and polishing
  • tumbling (stone processing to achieve a smooth polished surface).

The stones are cut by hand with the Israeli equipment, while automatic cut is done by the Korean machinery.

The art of cutting is a complex and time-consuming process that requires necessary skills. Our specialists have been trained by Ukrainian and foreign masters.

The individual approach of our masters allows us to produce fantasy or model cutting forms for specific orders made by our clients. More information on cut types

You can use the following forms of payment:

Payment by cash– cash payment is carried out in national currency and is possible with the purchase of goods in the official representative office.

Addresses of purchases:

  • Kyiv, 19 Golosiivska St. « VOLYN GEMS» SHOWROOM 
  • Kyiv, 79/4 Gonchara St, (the official representative office is located in the «KJF.Ukrainian Gems» shop)
  • Zhytomyr region, Khoroshevsky district, town of Khoroshev, 8 Chkalov St.

Payment by card – Visa/MasterCard is carried out when making a purchase on the company's website or at the official representative office.

Non-cash payment – you can make payment via bank transfer. To sign an agreement and to issue the invoice, send all of the  necessary requisites via e-mail to gem@quarts.productions

Express delivery service

After placing an order, delivery is carried out by FedEx:

  • to Europe, including Ukraine, within 3-5 days
  • to CIS-region within 3-7 days
  • to the US and China within 7-10 days

Delivery is not included to the price of the goods and is calculated individually after placement of the order. The payment is made by the client personally upon receipt of the order. The cost of delivery includes cargo insurance.

Pickup (free of charge)

You can pick up your package by yourself at the official representative office of the company.

Addresses of representative offices:

  • Kyiv, 19 Golosiivska St, «VOLYN GEMS» SHOWROOM
  • Kyiv, 79/4 Gonchara St, (the official representative office is located in the «KJF.Ukrainian Gems» shop)
  • Zhytomyr region, Khoroshevsky district, town of Khoroshev, 8 Chkalov St.